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Date of Award


Document Type

Restricted Thesis: Campus only access

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts



First Advisor

Cindy M Bukach


The Other Race Effect

Facial encoding and recognition is more accurate for same-race (SR) faces than other- race (OR) faces, a phenomenon termed the other-race effect (ORE; Chance et al., 1975; J. E. Chance & Goldstein, 1981; Malpass & Kravitz, 1969). Behavioral evidence of the ORE consistently demonstrates differential recognition of same-race (SR) and other-race (OR) faces (for thorough reviews see Hugenberg et al., 2010 and Meissner & Brigham, 2001). However, the cognitive mechanisms underlying the ORE remain unclear. Still, several theories explain the ORE on a neurocognitive level. These theories generally fall under two categories: perceptual, which attribute the ORE to perceptual expertise with SR faces, and socio-cognitive, which attribute the ORE to social categorization and motivation. The current study explores socio-cognitive theory, specifically categorization and individuation, by examining differences in attention allocation to other- and same-race faces.

Available for download on Monday, May 17, 2027