Off-campus University of Richmond users: To download campus access theses, please use the following link to log in to our proxy server with your university username and password.

Date of Award


Document Type

Restricted Thesis: Campus only access

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Leadership Studies

First Advisor

Dr. Haley Harwell


Economists value leadership for its ability to mitigate coordination failure in social dilemmas. While leaders are used as coordination devices, the experimental economics literature does not examine how much followers attribute their decision-making to the leader’s differential influence as opposed to incentives for cooperation found within the strategic environment. This paper classifies two key components of leadership models across the literature, asymmetric advantages and strategies, and poses ways that economists might consider modeling leadership through a more integrative approach of the followership. Investigating how followers perceive the legitimacy of a leader can help nuance results on leader effectiveness, and distinguish the leader’s differential influence from that of conditional cooperation and implicit biases.