Over the last several years, the surrogate reaction technique has been successfully employed to extract (n,f) and (n,γ) cross sections in the actinide region to a precision of ∼5% and ∼20%, respectively. However, attempts to apply the technique in the rare earth region have shown large (factors of 2–3) discrepancies between the directly measured (n,γ) and extracted surrogate cross sections. One possible origin of this discrepancy lies in differences between the initial spin-parity population distribution in the neutron induced and surrogate reactions. To address this issue, the angular momentum transfer to the high excitation energy quasicontinuum region in Gd nuclei has been investigated. The (p,d) and (p,t) reactions on 154,158Gd at a beam energy of 25 MeV were utilized. Assuming a single dominant angular momentum transfer component, the measured angular distribution for the (p,d) reactions is well reproduced by distorted-wave Born approximation (DWBA) calculations for ΔL=4 ℏ transfer, whereas the (p,t) reactions are better characterized by ΔL=5 ℏ. A linear combination of DWBA calculations, weighted according to a distribution of L transfers (peaking around ΔL=4–5 ℏ), is in excellent agreement with the experimental angular distributions.
Copyright © 2012 The American Physical Society. This article first appeared in Physical Review C 85, no. 5 (May 24, 2012): 051304: 1-51304: 5. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.85.051304.
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Ross, T. J., C. W. Beausang, R. O. Hughes, J. M. Allmond, C. T. Angell, M. S. Basunia, D. L. Bleuel, J. T. Burke, R. J. Casperson, J. E. Escher, P. Fallon, R. Hatarik, J. Munson, S. Paschalis, M. Petri, L. Phair, J. J. Ressler, N. D. Scielzo, and I. J. Thompson. "Measurement of the Entry-Spin Distribution Imparted to the High Excitation Continuum Region of Gadolinium Nuclei Via (p,d) and (p,t) Reactions." Physical Review C 85, no. 5 (May 24, 2012): 051304: 1-51304: 5. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.85.051304.