This research draws on self-determination theory to investigate (a) the role of cooperative psychological climate in promoting harmonious work passion among employees with low intrinsic motivation; and (b) the mediating role of harmonious passion in linking cooperative psychological climate to behavioral outcomes. We propose that cooperative psychological climate facilitates harmonious passion and, in particular, plays a compensatory role among employees with low intrinsic motivation. In turn, harmonious passion is expected to facilitate both task performance and interpersonal helping, thereby linking cooperative psychological climate to these employee behaviors. We test the model using data from employees and their supervisors across two countries (Singapore and Brazil) and find cross-national evidence that cooperative psychological climate compensates for low intrinsic motivation to predict harmonious passion. Harmonious passion also positively predicts task performance and interpersonal helping, but only in the Brazilian sample. This research enriches the nomological network of harmonious passion, provides an alternative pathway to driving employee passion when intrinsic motivation is lacking, and underscores the value of considering the joint roles of passion predictors so as to reap the performance benefits of harmonious work passion.

Document Type

Post-print Article

Publication Date


Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. Article first published online: January 2018.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2018.01.005

The definitive version is available at:!

Please note that downloads of the article are for private/personal use only.

Full citation:

Ho, Violet T., Dejun Tony Kong, Chay-Hoon Lee, Philippe Dubreuil, and Jacques Forest. “Promoting Harmonious Work Passion among Unmotivated Employees: A Two-Nation Investigation of the Compensatory Function of Cooperative Psychological Climate.” Journal of Vocational Behavior 106 (June 2018): 112-125.