Four members of the Senate Judiciary Committee introduced the Civil Justice Reform Act Amendment Act of 1995 on February 23, 1995 as Congress was considering numerous aspects of the Contract With America, most relevantly the legal reforms in its ninth tenet. Senator Orrin Hatch (R-Utah), Chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee, Senator Charles Grassley (RIowa), Chair of the Subcommittee on Courts and Administrative Practice, Senator Joseph Biden (D-Del.), the ranking minority member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, and Senator Howell Heflin (D-Ala.), former Chair of the Courts and Administrative Practice Subcommittee, sponsored the legislation. Passage of the proposal by the House of Representatives and the Senate was essentially perfunctory, and President Bill Clinton signed the measure in October. This essay briefly evaluates the new legislation in an attempt to familiarize federal court judges, attorneys and litigants as well as others who may be interested in the operations of the courts with the measure.
Margaret L. Sanner & Carl Tobias, The Civil Justice Reform Act Amendment Act of 1995, 164 F.R.D. 577 (1996).