In Part I, I provide a brief model of a hypothetical multiparty environmental mediation proceeding. I describe limits on environmental mediation common to both the online and offline settings, and provide a model for analysis of the hypothetical proceeding. In Parts II and III, I consider limits on online mediation's potential that derive from the electronic character of the proceeding. In Part II, I discuss challenges for online mediation and conclude that such mediation, particularly complex proceedings such as environmental disputes, should be deferred for the time being. In Part III, I discuss additional concerns about the flow of communication in online mediation suggested by an analogy to the dynamics of online communities.

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