This article considers recent statutes and case law in the field of Virginia civil procedure and practice. Since it has been several years since the last similar effort was published, this essay will take notice of the developments which have taken place from 1983 to May 1985. Much of the case law to be mentioned is pre-1983 trial court material, but since it was only recently published, it will be useful to have it included here. This is especially so since most points of civil procedure and practice, being harmless error, are not often considered by the Virginia Supreme Court on review. The only major innovation in the area of Virginia civil practice since 1983 has been the creation of the intermediate court of appeals. The other matters relevant to this article are refinements to and explanations of existing procedures and practices.

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