This article will look first at the law relating to payroll deduction of dues in Virginia and North Carolina and in several of the . states that have newly restrictive bargaining laws. The article will then discuss the significance of payroll ,deduction of union dues for effective representation of unionized employees. Next the article will analyze the existing law relating to constitutional challenges to statutory limitations on payroll deduction, along with the current legal challenge to the Wisconsin statute. Finally the article will consider how unions might maintain payroll deduction of union dues. The article concludes that while in some states successful challenges to restrictions on payroll deduction may occur, unions would be well-served to explore other options for maintaining union resources.

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