In 1994, thirty-four countries in the Western Hemisphere met in Miami to begin negotiations designed to establish a comprehensive free trade agreement. The initial meeting led to a "Declaration of Principles" and a "Plan of Action" which committed the signatory countries to take steps toward open markets and free trade in the hemisphere. Subsequent meetings in 1998 and 2001 have moved the countries toward creation of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), with an expectation that the agreement will be in place by 2005.
Ann C. Hodges, Introduction and Symposium Overview: The Changing Labor Markets of the Western Hemisphere: Labor Issues Relating to the FTAA, 2 Rich. J. Global L. & Bus. 125 (2001).