Section I analyzes the legal framework and history of collective bargaining in Illinois, and Section II follows with a similar analysis for Virginia. Each section includes current data about public sector employees and union activity in the two states. Section III follows with a discussion of possible explanations for the differences in the law of the two states. Section IV looks at the lessons from this analysis for state and federal lawmakers, unions, employers, and labor relations advocacy groups.
Ann C. Hodges, Lessons from the Laboratory: the Polar Opposites on the Public Sector Labor Law Spectrum, 18 Cornell J. L. & Pub. Pol'y 735 (2009).