The past fifty years have seen a tremendous rise in international litigation. There are more parties who are more prone to use international law mechanisms to resolve their disputes, and more international actors have more forums available to them to which they can bring their disputes. Indeed, the multifaceted growth of international dispute resolution is one of international law's most important and interesting recent developments.
At the heart of this development are international adjudicative bodies, a diverse group of international bodies that have a common dispute settlement function, the outcome of which is binding on the parties. This chapter examines how, when, and over whom these bodies can exercise their function, as well as the nature and enforceability of their decisions.
Chiara Giorgetti, International Adjudicative Bodies, in The Oxford Handbook on International Organizations (Jacob Katz Cogan et al eds., Oxford U. Press 2017).