The acts of 11 September 2001 demonstrated how vulnerable civilians are; in any part of the world, to terrorist attacks. This awareness led to a determined response by the international community to fight international terrorism iri all its forms. As governments and international organizations alike reevaluated the effectiveness and appropriateness of their counter-terrorist measures, the challenge emerged of conducting the fight against terrorism while respecting human rights and civil liberties. In fact, the wide consensus that actions are necessary to confront terrorism does not undermine the necessity to balance human rights considerations and preserve the democratic process.

As portrayed throughout this book, measures to confront terrorism are multifaceted and complex. This chapter examines policies adopted to confront international terrorism, with special attention paid to their implications for:, human rights and personal freedoms, comparing the United States, the European Union and specific EU member states.

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