Off-campus University of Richmond users: To download campus access theses, please use the following link to log in to our proxy server with your university username and password.

Date of Award


Document Type

Restricted Thesis: Campus only access

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Political Science

First Advisor

Dr. Jennifer Erkulwater


This study is an exploration of the tension between the right to the city and neoliberalism in São Paulo and Cape Town. The right to the city is the right to participate in the use and production of urban spaces. It is framed as a place based right that guarantees spatially and socioeconomically marginalized citizens a seat at the table where decisions are made, valuing their voice in the creation of the cities they live in. Using three public spaces in each city as case studies, I demonstrate how privatizing development keeps the right to the city from being realized by minimizing citizen power. The case studies interrogate where the right to the city will come from and how it will work.