Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Music: General

First Advisor

Mrs. Suzanne K. Bunting


The development of protestant chorales reflected the new goals which the reformation brought to the church service. Martin Luther, a primary leader of the Protestant Reformation, recognized that that goal of the service was to make his revelation of faith understandable to the people of Germany. The church service now became more than a sacramental act of obedience; it was a time for people to willingly proclaim the word of God. Through the singing of the chorale, the congregation took an active part in proclaiming the new faith found in the Reformation.

These sacred songs, composed by Luther and his followers, contain elements of both the plainsong and folk song tradition. The consist of a simply worded text, an easily singable melody, rhymed metrical verse, and a strophic musical and textual form. The chorales were intended to be sung unaccompanied and in unison by the congregation, but this congregational singing was often performed in alternation with organ setting, and polyphonic setting sung by the choir.

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