Date of Award
Bachelor of Arts
According to the interviews with successful women in nationally and internationally renowned companies/organizations in the sports world, there were ten concepts discussed most frequently in reference to how women succeed in this particular male-dominated field. Six of these ten concepts correlated to hindrances that impede women from breaking the glass ceiling in other nontraditional careers, while the remaining four concepts were unique to the sports field. In fact, a study conducted in The New Leaders and supported by a combination of other studies commisssioned by the Executive Leadership Council on driving and restraining forces for black senior executives (Baskerville and Tucker, 1991); a study conducted by Catalyst (1990) on career barriers for women in management; and research by the US Department of Labor (1991) for the "glass ceiling initiative", revealed six barriers considered most important to the advancement of women. These barriers are:
- Prejudice: treating differences as weaknesses
- Poor career planning
- A lonely, hostile, unsupportive working environment for nontraditional managers
- Lack of organizational savvy on the part of nontraditional managers
- Greater comfort in dealing with one's own kind
- Difficulty in balancing career and family (Morrison, 34).
Messmore, Tara L., "Women's leadership in the sports field" (1995). Honors Theses. 1233.