Although focused predominately on Miskitu politics, this chapter identifies various constraints to multi-ethnic self-determination, while noting barriers exist even among aid programs targeting political empowerment and community development. Nevertheless, I also explore examples of progress toward decentralization at regional and local levels regardless of an overall national context of political containment and economic exploitation.

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Copyright © 2011 Algora. This chapter first appeared in National Integration and Contested Autonomy: The Caribbean Coast of Nicaragua.

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