State and local governments direct a great deal of effort (and resources) toward incenting companies to locate in their particular jurisdictions. The cited reasons for this effort are often the increase in jobs and boost to the local tax base. In "The Geography of Giving: The Effect of Corporate Headquarters on Local Charities", David Card, Enrico Moretti and the author investigated a number of issues related to the geographical location of corporate headquarters and charitable giving. It turns out that location does matter and the movement of highly paid employees does, too. There are at least two main channels through which corporate location can have an effect on charitable giving. The first is that the companies themselves are donors to charitable organizations and some of their donations may be to local causes. The second channel may be the companies' employees themselves.
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Hallock, Kevin F., PhD. 2014. "Pay, Corporate Location and Donations to Charity." Workspan 57 (9) (09): 12.