Scholars have extensively documented differences in women’s and men’s gender attitudes, and a new body of work highlights sexual orientation gaps in such attitudes, as well. Both areas of inquiry continue to overlook the potential intersection between gender and sexual orientation in predicting gender attitudes. Using nationally representative data from the American National Election Survey 2012 Time Series Study, I investigate differences in views on gender roles, gender discrimination and inequality, and abortion among four sexual orientation-gender subgroups: lesbian and bisexual women, gay and bisexual men, heterosexual women, and heterosexual men. The results suggest that heterosexual men’s gender attitudes are consistently more conservative than the other three groups, while lesbian and bisexual women stand out as the subgroup that is most critically aware of gender discrimination and inequality. Further, the two factors that partially explain sexual orientation gaps in gender attitudes —LGB Americans’ more liberal political ideology and heightened awareness of homophobic discrimination —are similarly gendered. I conclude by arguing that the intersection between sexual orientation and gender produces unique lived experiences that, in turn, produce gendered sexual orientation gaps in Americans social and political attitudes.

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Copyright © 2019 Routledge. Article first published online: December 2017.

DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2017.1398022.

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Full Citation:

Grollman, Eric Anthony. “Americans’ Gender Attitudes at the Intersection of Sexual Orientation and Gender.” Journal of Homosexuality 66, no. 2 (2019): 141–72.