Avtex: A Clash of Environmental, Business, and Defense Interests is based on the continuously unfolding conflict between the only certified U.S. supplier of carbonized rayon for the Department of Defense and NASA with state and federal water and air quality regulators. Avtex, a privately held and financially strapped corporation, is the biggest water and air polluter in Virginia and one of the worst nationwide. It is also a major employer in Front Royal, Virginia, a small community nestled in the Shenandoah Valley. Complicating the Avtex controversy are the $22.6 million federal bailout in November 1989 and recent charges by environmental regulators of ongoing water and air violations. Avtex primarily focuses on this continuing case with respect to government and business relationships deemed ethically necessary to protect the environment.
Dodd-McCue, Diane and Martha Reiner. 1989. "Avtex: A Clash of Environmental Business and Defense Interests." E.C.R.S.B. 89-4. Robins School of Business White Paper Series. University of Richmond, Richmond, Virginia.