The Catholic tradition in the Latin West grew up on the foundations laid by Rome. It accepted as fact the urban establishments that had started as colonial settlements and the need for such settlements to safeguard the imperial order. Thus in Catholic religious thought colonization and colonialism have no independent status; they are matters for legal and political reflection. Nonetheless, Catholic moral theology, particularly as it dealt with mission and conquest, had much to say about the activities that made colonization possible.
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Davis, G. Scott. "Roman Catholicism: Theology and Colonization." In Encyclopedia of Religion and War, edited by Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez, 384-90. New York: Routledge, 2004.