The response of the United States to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Africa is an example of the redefined nature of security threats that characterizes the post-September 11 period. Even the most ardent realists now accept that serious threats exist to US security apart from those brewing in organized states. Scholars and governments have been forced to adopt a greater sensitivity to the issues that underlie international violence and terrorism, such as a lack of political freedom, state failure, poverty, and HIV/AIDS, the topic addressed in this chapter as an indirect threat to US security interests in Africa.1

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From Africa-US Relations: Strategic Encounters, edited by Donald Rothchild and Edmond J. Keller. Copyright © 2006 by Lynne Rienner Publishers. Used with permission of the publisher.

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