We tested what to our knowledge is a new computational model for fibrin fiber mechanical behavior. The model is composed of three distinct elements: the folded fibrinogen core as seen in the crystal structure, the unstructured α-C connector, and the partially folded α-C domain. Previous studies have highlighted the importance of all three regions and how they may contribute to fibrin fiber stress-strain behavior. Yet no molecular model has been computationally tested that takes into account the individual contributions of all these regions. Constant velocity, steered molecular dynamics studies at 0.025 Å/ps were conducted on the folded fibrinogen core and the α-C domain to determine their force-displacement behavior. A wormlike chain model with a persistence length of 0.8 nm (Kuhn length = 1.6 nm) was used to model the mechanical behavior of the unfolded α-C connector. The three components were combined to calculate the total stress-strain response, which was then compared to experimental data. The results show that the three-component model successfully captures the experimentally determined stress-strain behavior of fibrin fibers. The model evinces the key contribution of the α-C domains to fibrin fiber stress-strain behavior. However, conversion of the α-helical coiled coils to β-strands, and partial unfolding of the protein, may also contribute.
Copyright © 2012 The Biophysical Society. This article first appeared in Biophysical Journal 103, no. 7 (October 2012): 1537-544. doi:10.1016/j.bpj.2012.08.038.
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Averett, Rodney D., Bryant Menn, Eric H. Lee, Christine C. Helms, Thomas Barker, and Martin Guthold. "A Modular Fibrinogen Model that Captures the Stress-Strain Behavior of Fibrin Fibers." Biophysical Journal 103, no. 7 (October 2012): 1537-1544. doi:10.1016/j.bpj.2012.08.038.