An experiment was performed at the 88-inch cyclotron at LBNL to investigate the structure of uranium isotopes and concurrently test the so-called surrogate ratio method. A 28 MeV proton beam was used to bombard 236U and 238U targets and the outgoing light ions were detected using the STARS silicon telescope allowing isotopic assignments and the excitation energy of the compound nucleus to be measured. A fission detector was placed at backward angles to give particle-fission coincidences, while the six clover germanium detectors of the LIBERACE array were used for particle-γ coincidences. The (p,d) reaction channels on 236U and 238U targets were used as a surrogate to measure the σ(234U(n,f))/σ(236U(n,f)) cross section ratio. The results give reasonable agreement with literature values over an equivalent neutron energy range between 0 MeV and 6 MeV. Structure results in 235U include a new (3/2−) level at 1035 keV, that is tentatively assigned as the 3/2− Nilsson state. The analogue 3/2− state in 237U may be associated with a previously observed level at 1201 keV, whose spin/parity is restricted to Jπ = 3/2− on the basis of newly observed decays to the ground band.
Copyright © 2012 IOP Publishing. This article first appeared in Journal of Physics: Conference Series 381, no. 1 (2012): 012064: 1-12064: 6. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/381/1/012064.
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Hughes, R. O., C. W. Beausang, T. J. Ross, J. T. Burke, N. D. Scielzo, M. S. Basunia, C. M. Campbell, R. J. Casperson, H. L. Crawford, J. Munson, L. Phair, and J. J. Ressler. "To the Continuum and Beyond: Structure of U Nuclei." Journal of Physics: Conference Series 381, no. 1 (2012): 012064: 1-12064: 6. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/381/1/012064.