In Racism and Sexual Oppression in Anglo-America, I argued that as race was absorbed into biology in the nineteenth century, it was recast from a morphological typology to a function of physiological and evolutionary development. Racial difference became a sign of developmental difference. Racial groups represented stages of human evolution, and raced individuals were to be disciplined and managed in accordance with developmental norms.
Copyright © 2012, State University of New York Press. This article first appeared in philoSOPHIA 2:1 (2012), 39-48.
McWhorter, Ladelle. "Normalization and the Welfare State." philoSOPHIA 2, no. 1 (2012): 39-48. doi:10.1353/phi.2012.0005.