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Lou Andreas-Salomé was born in 1861 into a German-speaking community in St. Petersburg, Russia. She moved to Zürich at age 19 and ultimately settled in Germany. Intellectually gifted with an inquiring and incisive mind, she studied philosophy, religion, history, and psychology, and wrote extensively on the psychology of religion, philosophy, art, femininity, and eroticism.

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Copyright © 1998 Garland Publishers. This book chapter first appeared in Modern Germany: An Encyclopedia of History, People, and Culture, 1871-1990.

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