Criterion for Stable Reentry in a Ring of Cardiac Tissue

John W. Cain, University of Richmond


We model electrical wave propagation in a ring of cardiac tissue using an mth-order difference equation, where m denotes the number of cells in the ring. Under physiologically reasonable assumptions, the difference equation has a unique equilibrium solution. Applying Jury’s stability test, we prove a theorem concerning the local asymptotic stability of this equilibrium solution. Our results yield conditions for sustained reentrant tachycardia, a type of cardiac arrhythmia.