To estimate power plant reliability, a probabilistic safety assessment might combine failure data from various sites. Because dependent failures are a critical concern in the nuclear industry, combining failure data from component groups of different sizes is a challenging problem. One procedure, called data mapping, translates failure data across component group sizes. This includes common cause failures, which are simultaneous failure events of two or more components in a group. In this paper, we present methods for predicting future plant reliability using mapped common cause failure data. The prediction technique is motivated by discrete failure data from emergency diesel generators at U.S. plants. The underlying failure distributions are based on homogeneous Poisson processes. Both Bayesian and frequentist prediction methods are presented, and if non-informative prior distributions are applied, the upper prediction bounds for the generators are the same.
Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.
The definitive version is available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S095183200200025X
Kvam, Paul H., and J. Glenn Miller. "Common Cause Failure Prediction Using Data Mapping." Reliability Engineering & System Safety 76, no. 3 (2002): 273-278. doi:10.1016/s0951-8320(02)00025-x.
Kvam, Paul H. and Miller, J. Glenn, "Common Cause Failure Prediction Using Data Mapping" (2002). Math and Computer Science Faculty Publications. 195.