Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts




Loy Wesley Henderson was the Director of the Office of Near Eastern and African Affairs (NEA) in the Department of State from 1945-1948. A veteran Soviet observer, he persis~ tently called for the use of economic aid in the Near East to increase American prestige and prevent Soviet expansion. Believing that American principles and national interests should be the basis of foreign policy rather than partisan politics, Henderson was a leading influence in the formulation of the Truman Doctrine but disagreed with the Truman Administration's support of a Jewish state in Palestine. This work examines Henderson's views on United States foreign policy, its formulation, and goals, illustrating his devotion to that which he perceived as moral. ·In analyzing Henderson's record on the formulation of the Truman Doctrine and Palestine policy, it is evident that he remained true to beliefs deep-rooted in his foreign service background and brought to the fore by the Cold War. Primary sources utilized include the Loy W. Henderson Papers. This collection was especially significant because Henderson disagreed with the accounts of Joseph Jones and George Kennan concerning the events surrounding the formulation of the Truman Doctrine.

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