Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts




This paper is a study of agriculture and rural conditions in the Virginia counties of Caroline, Culpeper, Orange, Spotsylvania, and Stafford from 1800 to 1840. These counties are located in the north-central section of the state. The easternmost of the counties, Caroline, is located on the edge of the Tidewater section; Orange and Culpeper, in the Piedmont, extend to the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The land is generally flat in the east, becomes more rolling as it approaches the mountains. Soils range from sandy loams in Caroline County to the sandy and clay loams with underlying crystalline rock formations in the Piedmont. The soils vary in productivity depending upon the topography, rainfall, texture, and underlying rock formation. Although not as rich as the limestone soils of the valley region, generally the soils of the Fredericksburg area are of moderate fertility.

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