Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts




This study explored the images of women and men presented in the 1978 top 25 pop songs. An evaluation of these images was made by 23 women and 21 men. Each evaluator chose one of seven descriptors (objectifier, diminutizer, user, appreciating, used, diminutized, and objectified) to describe each female and male character in each pop song. Chi square analyses indicated that the sex of character effect on the descriptor frequencies was significant for women and men evaluators. Differences between women and men evaluators were not significant for female nor male characters. Analyses of data from both women and men evaluators indicated significant differences for actor, appreciating, and acted upon groups between female and male characters in the actor group. These findings are of considerable relevance as they both reflect and effect the values of a culture which gives extensive attention to these songs.

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