Date of Award

Summer 1952

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science



First Advisor

Dr. Edward F. Overton


Recognition or a definite need for organized guidance services is so general that planned guidance programs need no defense. In the editor's introduction to a recent book on guidance practices, Franklin P. Zeran has this to say, "school administrators are becoming more and more interested in initiating and developing functional guidance programs within their schools." Numerous articles discussing guidance -- its principles, functions, techniques, and methods of evaluation -- have appeared in periodicals devoted to education. The State Board of Education of Virginia, in its newly adopted standards for the accrediting or Secondary Schools, states: "Guidance services shall be provided to aid pupils in making proper adjustments to the various types or problems which they must meet. Guidance in school consist's of an organized program."

The question arises: Has actual practice kept pace with theory and with knowledge or the best procedures?

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