Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts




The effects of sex role expectations within the context of the nuclear war issue were examined in this study. Sixty males and sixty females, ranging in age from 18 to 22 years, participated in this study. They were obtained from the introductory psychology courses at the University of Richmond. Each subject read a questionnaire, supposedly completed by another University of Richmond undergraduate, and answered two Likert-type questions measuring the degree to which the subject would like to meet and become friends with the target. The independent variables were sex of the target, sex of subject, and expression of concern about the nuclear war issue: either the nuclear weapons threat, the Soviet threat, or a control condition. The results of the MANCOVA indicated that mentioning the nuclear war issue did not produce significantly greater intended social distance by the subject. In addition, the sex role expectations within the nuclear war context were not found in this study.

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