The effect of verbal and visual mnemonic devices on the paired associate learning of an aged population
Date of Award
Master of Arts
The literature on aging is abundant with studies using a variety of tasks indicating that there is a decline in learning with increasing age.
Subjects were presented pairs of words accompanied by a black and white sketch that contained both words
In a further attempt to study more directly the effects of visual vs. verbal mediators, a second condition was included where subjects were presented pairs of words accompanied by a phrase that contained both of the words.
The following bypotheaee were postulated:
1. Performance of younger subjects will be superior to old ones over all conditions.
2. Performance will be superior for both groups in order of conditions: pairs presented with visual mediators; and pairs presented with verbal mediators; and pain presented with standard paired associate instructions.
3. Ditferentlal performance of the older group will be greater than the young group with visual mediators and possibly verbal ones.
Knill, Franklin Peter, "The effect of verbal and visual mnemonic devices on the paired associate learning of an aged population" (1966). Master's Theses. 244.