Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts




First we must admit representative ugliness tor purposes of realism, truth, and in connection with the significant the characteristic and such types. Also, we must admit distortion tor purposes of power, emotional strength, logical and organic consistency, and so forth. Possibly the ugly may be admitted to heighten beauty; and certain other forms of the ugly will be admitted artistically so long as comedy and tragedy are called art-forms.

So far, then, as beauty in the wide sense is concerned, the first category or ugliness cannot be anti-thetical to beauty because it is included in, beauty, and is a positive factor of aesthetic enjoyment. What we have judged finally to be real ugliness is, on the other hand, opposed to beauty in that it is negative, a lack of what should exist in good art.

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