This study examines whether the premises of inter-firm competition and cooperation on cluster performance outcome hold true in the context of China. By examining 87 township clusters in Jiangsu Province, we find that cluster performance is co-determined by the intensity of inter-firm competition and cluster innovativeness. Our results also show that the cluster's competitive intensity mediates the relationship between cluster size and cluster performance, and that a cluster's R&D centers and inter-firm joint actions positively affects a cluster's innovativeness, which in turn contributes to cluster performance. These findings not only provide additional support for strategy theories about clusters in a new context, but also shed novel insights into the unique phenomenon of Chinese township clusters.
© 2017 Strategic Management Society. Article first published online 21 December 2016.
The definitive version is available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/gsj.1154.
Jia, Liangding, Sali Li, Stephen Tallman, and Yaqin Zheng. "Catch-up Via Agglomeration: A Study of Township Clusters." Global Strategy Journal 7, no. 2 (May 2017): 193-211. doi:10.1002/gsj.1154.
Jia, Liangding; Li, Sali; Tallman, Stephen; and Zheng, Yaqin, "Catch-up Via Agglomeration: A Study of Township Clusters" (2017). Management Faculty Publications. 59.