The doctrine of sovereign immunity as developed in England and adopted in the United States has its roots in feudalism. While it is not clear how this monarchistic doctrine came to be adopted in the new and belligerently democratic republic of America, it has become firmly entrenched in our jurisprudential system. Sovereign immunity as applied to tort actions means that the state, in consequence of its sovereignty, is immune from liability for negligence, except where it has expressly waived immunity by legislative enactment or judicial decision. While the Federal Tort Claims Act waives federal tort immunity in certain situations, the states have generally been reluctant to take similar action.

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