The initial attempt at restricting the political activities of federal em- ployees appears to have been the establishment of the U. S. Civil Service Commission. When the Commission failed as a strong enough deterrent to political activity, an amendment of § 1 of Civil Service Rule I was approved to tighten the reigns on members of the competitive classified service. Finally, in the wake of the political campaigns of 1936 and 1938, the Hatch Political Activity Act was introduced as a prohibition against participation by federal government employees in political management or campaigning.