The fourteenth amendment of the United States Constitution allows unequal protection of the laws, provided such unequal treatment and discrimination bear some rational relationship to a conceivably legitimate state objective. This "rational relationship" test allows the states wide latitude and discretion in enacting legislation. However, where any state statute involves so-called "suspect classifications" or "fundamental interests," the statute will be subjected to a strict scrutiny test, under which the state must establish that there is not only a compelling state interest which justifies the law but also that the distinctions drawn in the statute are necessary to further such interests.
Equal Protection- School Financing System Based on Local Property Taxes Held Unconstitutional,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol6/iss2/24