Throughout history societies have attempted to influence behavior and maintain order through the use of sanctions imposed by custom, tradition and law. Various methods and degrees of punishment have been exacted for anti-social behavior; each individual society fixing its own value upon the interest to be protected and its interest in punishing the offender. Some civilizations have utilized torture, maiming and, not infrequently, cruel and painful deaths as punishment for crimes.
Cruel and Unusual Punishment-Constitutionality of the Death Penalty for Rape Where Victim's Life Neither Taken Nor Endangered,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
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