Factual Causation in Toxic Tort Litigation: A Philosophical View of Proof and Certainty in Uncertain Disciplines
The headline reads: "Town clenched in suffocating grip of as- bestos: W.R. Grace & Co. closed its vermiculite mine in Libby, Mont[ana], 10 years ago, but hazardous material was embedded in the ore. Experts attribute many cases of lung disease to what they call secondary exposure." Lately, exposure to toxic substances and harm to human health and the environment have become the norm, not the exception. Within the United States and its territories alone, environmental groups, as well as individuals, have documented the proliferation of harmful exposure to toxic substances from as far away as Kaho'olawe, Hawai'i, to as close as Kelley Air Force Base in San Antonio, Texas.
Factual Causation in Toxic Tort Litigation: A Philosophical View of Proof and Certainty in Uncertain Disciplines,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol35/iss4/2