The First Amendment to the United States Constitution reads in part, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof." These two phrases are known as the Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause, respectively, and each plays a distinct part in determining the role and status of religion in American society. The Free Exercise Clause guarantees freedom of religious expression to the individual, while the Establishment Clause prohibits the government from involving itself in religious affairs and prevents religious officials from exerting improper influence over the government.
Establishing a Pattern: An Analysis of the Supreme Court's Establishment Clause Jurisprudence,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
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