Personal jurisdiction over nonresidents in a forum state has been problematic in our federal system for quite some time. Today, in order to establish personal jurisdiction over a nonresident defendant, the nonresident must have minimum contacts with the forum state. While the test may be stated succinctly, determining whether a person or corporation has minimum contacts with the forum state is an extremely complex process, as seen in the line of personal jurisdiction cases following International Shoe Co. v. Washington.
Lori E. Jones,
Lesnick v. Hollingsworth & Vose Co. - The Pure Stream of Commerce No Longer Flows Through the Fourth Circuit,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol29/iss2/6