It is well settled in Virginia that charitable organizations are immune from liability arising from tort claims asserted by persons who accept the organizations' charitable benefits. The determination of whether a plaintiff is the beneficiary of charitable bounty is a legal issue for the court to decide. Although most older Virginia cases discuss charitable immunity as it applies to hospitals, the doctrine has been applied to many other types of charitable organizations.
Barbara A. Williams,
Annual Survey of Virginia Law: Charitable Immunity: What Price Hath Charity?,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol28/iss4/5