In 1980, there were 233,000 local government employees in Virginia. Of this number, 60,588 were public school teachers employed by local school boards for the 1980-81 school year. Characterized as both professionals and public employees, public school teachers not only "teach the children" but perform many other duties crucial to the efficient operation of the schools. These additional responsibilities are generally assigned by the teacher's immediate supervisor, usually the school principal, under authority granted by the local school board. Like other state and local government employees in Virginia, teachers have no power to collectively negotiate their contracutal duties' which they contend are ill-defined and often are performed without compensation.
Rebecca D. Bray,
"Working to the Contract" in Virginia: Legal Consequences of Teachers Attempts to Limit Their Contractual Duties,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol16/iss2/9