On December 31, 1974, President Gerald Ford signed the landmark Privacy Act of 1974 into law. One of the key concepts of the Act is the principle of disclosure limitation, which limits the ability of the federal government to disclose the contents of per- sonal records in its possession. In the words of the Senate Governmental Operations Committee, this principle "is designed to pre- vent.., the wrongful disclosure and use of personal files held by Federal agencies."
John W. Williams,
Discovery and the Privacy Act: Exemption (b)(11) to the Conditions of Disclosure: What Qualifies as an "Order of the Court"?,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol15/iss3/2