In order to appreciate the problems and challenges presented by public employee collective bargaining, one should first consider the tremendous growth of the public sector in recent decades. In 1946, there were approximately six million persons employed at all levels of government. By 1974, the total stood at nearly fifteen million. The number of state and local government employees rose from about three and one-half million in 1946, to over eleven and one-half million in 1974.
Frederick R. Kozak,
Public Employee Collective Bargaining in Virginia: Perspectives and Direction,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
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