The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, the so called Buckley Amendment, grants parents the right to inspect all records that schools maintain on their children and to challenge any contents they believe are inaccurate or misleading. The Act also requires that parents consent before information from school records is released to those outside specified educational categories. Once a student reaches eighteen years of age or enters a postsecondary educational institution, he assumes these rights in his parents' stead. The penalty for failure of an educational system or institution to comply with the law is loss of all federal assistance administered by the U.S. Office of Education.
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act Two Years Later,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: https://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol11/iss1/4