Prior to 1971 women found little relief in the courts for claims of sex discrimination. The Supreme Court upheld almost all legislation designed for the "protection" of women, predicated on their virtue, their health, or the "well being of [their] race." The first major legislative prohibition of sex discrimination, outside of judicial interpretation of the equal protec- tion clause, is found in Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. It seems ironic that a provision on sex discrimination, today a frequently litigated issue, was amended to Title VII almost as an afterthought.