While there is fairly substantial federal regulation in the field of wine law, this essay's scope will be limited to the interplay of Virginia's state and local laws that affect wineries close to home. Within that scope, this essay's purpose is threefold. First, it will highlight the key legislation and ordinances that affect farm wineries. Second, it will discuss the interplay between state and local level regulations, concluding that the General Assembly has intended to retain near exclusive regulatory powers over farm wineries. Third, it will briefly analyze the impact of the wine industry on three Virginia counties, concluding that a more temperate approach to local regulation of the wine industry in the Commonwealth is desirable for optimal growth and participation in one of Virginia's most vibrant economic sectors.
Andrew E. Tarne, The Grapes of Wrath: Encouraging Fruitful Collaborations Between Local Governments and Farm Wineries in the Commonwealth, 48 U. Rich. L. Rev. (2013).