In order to analyze the religious exemptions, this paper will begin with their history. Part II looks at the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1974 (CAPTA) the statute that precipitated their spread, as well as the justifications that it was bolstered upon: Free Exercise of religion and parental rights. The Equal Protection critique follows as Part III, followed by Part IV that discusses the traditional critique, grounded in the Establishment Clause. In Part V, the article will finish with an explanation of why the Equal Protection critique is a much stronger criticism.
Gregory Engle, Comment, Towards a New Lens of Analysis: The History and Future of Religioius Exemptions to Child Neglect Statutes, 14 Rich. J. L. & Pub. Int. 375 (2010).